Learn about gemstones and birthstones by using our Gemstone Guide.
Garnet comes from the Latin word granatus, meaning grain. Garnet is mostly mined in Southeast Asia, Brazil, and Africa. Occurring in every color except blue, the garnet is a versatile stone, appropriate for a multitude of applications and occasions.
Amethyst is a member of the quartz family, and ranges in color from light to deep purple. Amethyst is derived from the Greek word emthystos meaning not drunk. The ancient Greeks and Romans made drinking cups out of Amethyst believing that it would prevent intoxication.
Aquamarine, from Latin “aqua marina” or “water of the sea”, was named because of its blue or turquoise color. In the U.S., Aquamarine can be found in central Colorado and Wyoming.
The word Diamond comes from the Greek word adamas, meaning unbreakable, or unalterable. Diamonds are composed of a single element, and are the purest of all the gemstones. The Diamond is the ultimate symbol of love, and is said to symbolize strength, and enhance relationships.
Emeralds can range in color from light to dark green. Its name comes from the Greek word smaragdos meaning green gem. Emeralds from Columbia are generally considered the most valuable.
When thinking of the Pearl the color white usually comes to mind, but you can find pearls in black, gray, blue, yellow cream, lavender and mauve. When purchasing a Pearl you want to consider the surface, luster, color, and shape. The ideal pearl is perfectly round and smooth, but there are many shapes of pearl.
The word Ruby is from the Latin ruber, meaning red. The ruby is pink-red in color. The Ruby is extremely hard, and second only to the diamond in hardness. The ruby is one of the four precious stones, along with sapphire, emerald, and diamond.
Peridot is one of the few gemstones that occur in only one color, an olive green. The most valued color is a dark olive-green.
Sapphire is from the Greek word sappheiros, meaning blue stone. Although blue is the most well-known color for sapphires, sapphires are made up of any color of corundum except for red, which are rubies.
97% of the world's Opal is from Australia. Opals fluctuate in color and are often multi-colored. The most valuable is black.
The distinctly pinkish orange Imperial topaz has aristocratic cachet. It is commonly believed that the name originated with the Russian royal family’s insistence on keeping the finest colors of this gem, which was mined in Russia’s Ural Mountains, exclusively for their use.
Blue zircon, the most popular color, is produced by heat treatment of brown zircon. But not all brown zircon will turn blue when heated; only some zircon has the right physical structure for this to occur. Blue zircon has some unique properties that make it very popular with gemstone aficionados. Not only does zircon have outstanding brilliance, but it also has very strong dispersion or fire, the tendency to split white light into the spectral colors.
Named for Czar Alexander II, which is very fitting as it was discovered in Russia’s Ural Mountains in 1830. The same stone can appear to shift in hue between Purple and Sapphire Blue depending on the light it is exposed to.
A variety of quartz often used in jewelry, and was thought by the ancient Greeks to protect the owner from drunkenness, and even went so far as to carve drinking vessels from the stone.
A beautiful blue or cyan stone, commonly from Sri Lanka. The largest Aquamarine ever found weighed over 110kg in Brazil.
Though often thought of as a colorless stone, a truly colorless diamond is a rarity. Usually diamonds have a light yellow tint, sometimes brown. Unique in that it's the only gem comprised of a single element carbon.
This stone was considered in Medieval Times to have the ability to restore the love back to the relationship of a married couple. These Diamonds are black due to the vast quantity of inclusions in its Carbon structure.
These man-made diamonds are identical to the naked eye to a Natural Diamond that is created over billions of years below the surface of the Earth. In recent years, there’s been a large shift towards Lab Grown Diamonds due to their having a significantly smaller effect on the Earth.
A true, deep green color, the emerald is a striking stone alleged to give its wearer a quicker wit and a higher IQ. These rare gems are often carved into a rectangular step cut, which is known as the emerald cut.
Available in a variety of natural colors with reddish shades being the most common, the garnet is a fairly common gemstone most commonly used in the Late Antique Roman world, and were often inlaid in gold jewelry.
It’s name means blue stone, and was once considered to be a powerful aphrodisiac. Long ago it was used to create the vibrant blue skies in Renaissance Paintings.
A stone of unearthly beauty, the inner glow is due to the scattering of light between microscopic layers of feldspar and other minerals. It is sometimes attributed to have feminine energies.
Commonly seen in pink and peach, Morganite usage has skyrocketed in recent years for use in fashion jewelry.
This volcanic product is naturally available in a multitude of colors, though most famously black, with a rich black color that is used in a variety of jewelry types.
The national gemstone of Australia, the Opal can appear in a variety of colors, with black being the rarest. A wonder of nature is the fire opan which can include colors that seem to flicker between yellow to orange to red to green.
A hard object that grows in the soft tissue of a shelled mollusk. The ideal pearl is perfectly round and smooth in shape, but are common in a variety of other shapes. Pearls are seen as a classy alternative to typical gemstones, and are frequently worn with nearly every level of classiness.
Peridot is simply gem-quality Olivine, and only occurs in one color: olive-green. Olivine tends to be rather common, however Peridots are rather rare and can be found in odd places such as lavas and meteroites.
A relatively inexpensive pink stone, Rhodonite is commonly discovered with blank manganese veins running through it. It’s name derives from the Greek word rhodos, which means "rose colored".
The word ruby comes from ruber, which is Latin for red, and as such, Rubys are almost always red in color. Rubys and Pink Saphires are commonly confused, and a Ruby must meet a minimum color saturation in order to be called a true ruby.
A gem long-associated with romance and royal leanings, Princess Di received a blue sapphire engagement ring from Prince Charles back in 1981. Despite a common misconception, not all sapphires are blue. Green, violet-blue, yellow, orange, pink and purple hued stones are known as “fancy” sapphires and range from very light to very dark in saturation.
Referred to in ancient Sanskrit as “the daughter of Ruby”, this stone comes in a similar range of colors and styles, though it also boasts a more modest pricing.
Naturally occuring only in the Tanzanian Mountains of Africa, this stone comes in a variety of shapes that can fluctuate between Lavender and Ocean Blue.
Naturally golden brown to yellow, it can appear in a variety of colors, but previously the name Topaz was used to refer to any yellowstone. Interestingly there is an English superstition that Topaz cured lunacy.
Available in a wide range of colors, Tourmaline’s name derives from the Sinhalese name, Turamali, which roughly translates to "stone with mixed colours". Occasionally they are discovered with a green to red color striation, which is referred to as "Watermelon Tourmaline".
An opaque blue-to-green mineral, Turquoise has long been used to ornament clothing, tribal masks, and worn as jewelry. The iconic burial mask of Tutankhamun was inlaid with turquoise as well as other stones. It was long thought to be a holy stone that could bring the wearer good fortune.
Though most famously of a sky blue color, it can be nearly every color of the rainbow, from earth tones to near colorless, Zircon's rarity and relative inexpensivity makes it a prime choice for fashion jewelry.